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2017.11.27 柯盛东博士(美国杰克逊实验室)学术报告

时间:2017年11月22日 访问次数:550

报告题目:m6A mRNA modifications are deposited in nascent pre-mRNA and are not required for splicing but do specify cytoplasmic turnover
报告人:柯盛东 博士
主持人:靳津 教授
时   间:2017年11月27日( 周一 )下午4点
地   点:纳米楼457报告厅
报告人简介:

柯盛东博士现为美国杰克逊实验室(The Jackson Laboratory)助理教授。

柯盛东博士于2004年获得中国科学技术大学理学学士学位, 2011年获得哥伦比亚大学博士学位,随后在洛克菲勒大学从事博士后研究。2017年加入美国杰克逊实验室从事RNA的研究,柯博士实验室研究发现HeLa细胞染色质相关的新生前体mRNA(CA-RNA)中包含许多未剪接的内含子和m6A,而m6A甲基化基本上是在mRNA释放到核质之前完成的,它是细胞质mRNA稳定性的一个决定因素。

柯博士以第一作者身份发表文章10余篇,获Cancer Research Institute Fellow Award等多项奖励与资助,并拥有已申请或正在申请的专利共2项。

讲座摘要:

Understanding the biologic role of N6-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA modifications in mRNA requires an understanding of when and where in the life of a pre-mRNA transcript the modifications are made. We found that HeLa cell chromatin-associated nascent pre-mRNA (CA-RNA) contains many unspliced introns and m6A in exons but very rarely in introns. The m6A methylation is essentially completed upon the release of mRNA into the nucleoplasm. Furthermore, the content and location of each m6A modification in steady-state cytoplasmic mRNA are largely indistinguishable from those in the newly Synthesized CA-RNA or nucleoplasmic mRNA. This result suggests that quantitatively little methylation or demethylation occurs in cytoplasmic mRNA. In addition, only ~10% of m6As in CA-RNA are within 50 nucleotides of 5′ or 3′ splice sites, and the vast majority of exons harboring m6A in wild-type mouse stem cells is spliced the same in cells lacking the major m6A methyltransferase Mettl3. Both HeLa and mouse embryonic stem cell mRNAs harboring m6As have shorter half-lives, and thousands of these mRNAs have increased half-lives (twofold or more) in Mettl3 knockout cells compared with wild type. In summary, m6A is added to exons before or soon after exon definition in nascent pre-mRNA, and while m6A is not required for most splicing, its addition in the nascent transcript is a determinant of cytoplasmic mRNA stability.