Phosphoinositide 3-kinase p110δ Mediates Estrogen- and FSH-Stimulated Ovarian Follicle Growth

时间:2013年07月02日 访问次数:2176

Mol Endocrinol. 2013 Sep;27(9):1468-82. doi: 10.1210/me.2013-1082. Epub 2013 Jul 2.

Li Q, He H, Zhang YL, Li XM, Guo X, Huo R, Bi Y, Li J, Fan HY, Sha J.


In the mammalian ovary, primordial follicles are generated early in life and remain dormant for prolonged periods. Their growth resumes via primordial follicle activation and they continue to grow until the preovulatory stage under the regulation of hormones and growth factors, such as estrogen, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). Both FSH and IGF-I activate the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in granulosa cells (GCs), yet it remains inconclusive whether the PI3K pathway is crucial for follicle growth. In this study, we investigated the p110δ-isoform (encoded by the Pik3cd gene) of PI3K catalytic subunit expression in the mouse ovary and its function in fertility. Pik3cd null females were subfertile, exhibited fewer growing follicles and more atretic antral follicles in the ovary, and responded poorly to exogenous gonadotropins compared to controls. Ovary transplantation showed that Pik3cd null ovaries responded poorly to FSH stimulation in vitro; this confirmed that the follicle growth defect was intrinsically ovarian. In addition, estradiol (E2)-stimulated follicle growth and GC proliferation in preantral follicles was impaired in Pik3cd null ovaries. FSH and E2 substantially activated the PI3K/Akt pathway in GCs of control mice, but not in those of Pik3cd null mice. However, primordial follicle activation and oocyte meiotic maturation were not affected by Pik3cd knockout. Taken together, our findings indicate that the p110δ-isoform of the PI3K catalytic subunit is a key component of the PI3K pathway for both FSH and E2-stimulated follicle growth in ovarian granulosa cells; however, it is not required for primordial follicle activation and oocyte development.